CERN is the largest research center for particle physics in the world and serves more than 10.000 scientists as a center for basic research. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) newly installed in this project is even more powerful and can generate particle beams at an unprecedented energetic level.
At a glance
When a particle accelerator grows
The Large Electron Positron (LEP) particle accelerator was located in a 27 km long tunnel 100 m below the earth’s surface. The new Large Hadron Collider (LHC) can generate beams at an even higher energetic level than the previous one. It was installed in the already existing tunnel of the LEP and therefore, the construction of two large underground cavern complexes was necessary.
The assignment of Geoconsult
The large experimental areas of the LHC are located at Point 1 (Switzerland) and Point 5 (France). Point 5 comprises an experimental cavern the 15,000-ton CMS particle detector.Computer systems for the analysis of the experiments are installed in the parallel service cavern. Large shafts leading from the ground surface to the cavern roofs, as well as smaller caverns, access, bypass, surveying and observation tunnels supplement the cavern complex. Geoconsult was part of a British-Austrian-Swiss joint venture for the design of all civil works(preliminary, tender and detailed design) as well as the construction supervision for the underground structures and surface buildings.
The size of the cavern structures was beyond the previous experience and the complex geotechnical conditions (overburden of 50 m of groundwater charged moraine and 20 m of molasse rock comprising layers with potential creep and swelling behaviour) presented extraordinary challenges for the design and execution.
Overview of GC services
- Preliminary design
- Tender design
- Detailed design
- Construction supervision
Construction supervision for infrastructure projects